This video is concerning the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on part- or full-time basis, which deprives them of their childhood. UNICEF estimates that India with its larger population, has the highest number of labourers in the world under 14 years of age, where agriculture at 60 percent is the largest employer of child labour in the world. Notably, Constitution of India prohibits child below age of 14 years to be employed in hazardous industries like diamond industry, fireworks, silk manufacture, carpet weaving, domestic labour, mining etc. BUT the big question is: why is child labour still prevailing? Poverty is the big cause of child labour. Reports suggest that in rural and impoverished developing and undeveloped parts of the world, children have no real and meaningful alternative. Schools and teachers are not available, making child labour unavoidable. The more hellish situation is when child is forced to labour, by the parent itself. The children either supplement their parents’ income or are the only wage earners in the family. Eventually to employers, it emerges as a reliable cheap labour. Do they give a thought to the consequences? In terms of the physical condition of the children, they are not ready for long monotonous work because they become exhausted more quickly than adults. This exerts a pressure on their physical tolerance and makes the children more vulnerable to diseases. Children who work, instead of going to school, limit their ability to contribute to their own well being as well as to community they live in. Without education and technical aptitude, they will always be the unskilled labourers and will be deprived from higher skilled jobs in future with wages that could actually lift them out of poverty. The young labourers today, will be part of India’s human capital tomorrow. But, Child labour undoubtedly results in a trade-off with human capital accumulation. Despite the commencement of free and compulsory education for all children until 14 years of age, and effort of many NGOs to eradicate child labour in India, we are sadly, still the home to the largest number of child labourers in the world. Nor can the problem of child labour be left untackled until economic conditions and social structures are fundamentally improved. Government has taken initiatives. A major concern is that the actual number of child labourers goes un-detected. Majority are concentrated in the rural areas AND In recent past, a growing phenomenon is, using children as domestic workers in urban areas. Even in Delhi, 60,000 children work in dhabas, tea-stalls and restaurants on a daily wage of Rs. 8 or Rs. 10. So, imagine how pathetic is the condition! They are exploited, exposed to hazardous work conditions and paid a pittance for their long hours of work. Forced to forego education, shouldering responsibilities far beyond their years, becoming worldly- wise when their peers have yet to leave the cocoons of parental protection these children never know what childhood is. There are times when their bodies ache, minds fog, hearts cry, spirits bleed, but on orders of the employer they work for hours at a stretch. That children have to work is sad, but that they should work in conditions dangerous to their health and safety is totally unacceptable. So, what we can do! Do our part.. Do more than just awaring people; Stop it, if you see it happening around you. Help the child to get the advantage of the free education system Education is the KEY to unlock all the future endeavours. Join hands for these priceless smiles, to give the child of the twenty-first century the “heaven of freedom”. What he deserves For them… Make the world a better place!