Workers of the world… Relax!

Workers of the world… Relax!

An abridged reading of:
The Abolition of Work by Bob Black Video and voiceover by
Aaron Moritz No one should ever work. Work is the source of nearly
all the misery in the world. Almost all the evil you’d care
to name comes from working or from living in a world
designed for work. In order to stop suffering,
we have to stop working. That doesn’t mean we have
to stop doing things. It means creating a new way
of life based on play. A ludic revolution. A collective adventure in generalized joy
and freely interdependent exuberance. Now, play isn’t passive.
Doubtless we all need a lot more time for sheer sloth and slack than we ever enjoy
now, regardless of income or occupation, but once recovered from employment-induced
exhaustion nearly all of us will want to act. The ludic life is totally
incompatible with existing reality. The gravity hole that sucks the
vitality from the little in life that still distinguishes
it from mere survival. All the old ideologies are conservative
because they believe in work. Some, like Marxism and
most brands of anarchism, believe in work all the more fiercely
because they believe in so little else. Liberals say we should end
employment discrimination. I say we should end employment.
Conservatives support right-to-work laws. I support the right to be lazy. Trotskyists agitate for
permanent revolution. I agitate for permanent revelry. But if all the ideologues
(as they do) advocate work – they are strangely
reluctant to say so. They will carry on endlessly
about wages, hours, working conditions, exploitation,
productivity, profitability. They’ll gladly talk about
anything but work itself. Unions and management agree that we
ought to sell the time of our lives in exchange for survival, although
they haggle over the price. The alternative to work
isn’t just idleness. To be ludic is not to be quaaludic. As much as I treasure the pleasure
of torpor, it’s never more rewarding than when it punctuates other
pleasures and pastimes. Nor am I promoting the managed time-disciplined
safety-valve called “leisure”; far from it. Leisure is non-work
for the sake of work. Leisure is the time spent
recovering from work, and in the frenzied but hopeless
attempt to forget about work many people return
from vacations so beat that they look forward to returning
to work so they can rest up. The main difference between work and leisure
is that at work at least you get paid for your alienation
and enervation. But today people don’t just
work, they have “jobs”. One person does one productive task
all the time on an or-else basis. Even if the task has a quantum of intrinsic
interest (as increasingly many jobs don’t) the monotony of its obligatory
exclusivity drains its ludic potential. A “job” that might engage the
energies of some people, for a reasonably limited
time, for the fun of it, is just a burden on
those who have to do it for forty hours a week with no
say in how it should be done, for the profit of owners who
contribute nothing to the project. The degradation which most
workers experience on the job is the sum of assorted
indignities called “discipline”. Discipline consists of the totality of
totalitarian controls at the workplace – surveillance, rotework, imposed work tempos,
production quotas, punching-in and -out, etc. Discipline is what the factory and
the office and the store share with the prison and the school
and the mental hospital. Such is “work”.
Play is just the opposite. Play is always voluntary. What might otherwise be play is work
if it’s forced. This is axiomatic. To play involves an aristocratic
disdain for results. The player gets something out of playing.
That’s why they play. The core reward is the experience of
the activity itself (whatever it is). Work makes a mockery of freedom. The official line is that we all
have rights and live in a democracy. Other unfortunates who aren’t free like
we are have to live in police states. These victims obey orders or-else,
no matter how arbitrary. The authorities keep them
under regular surveillance. State bureaucrats control even the
smaller details of everyday life. The officials who push them around are answerable
only to the higher-ups, public or private. Informers report regularly to the authorities
and decent and disobedient are punished. All this is supposed to be a very bad thing. And so it is, although it is nothing but a
description of the modern workplace. The liberals and conservatives and libertarians who lament totalitarianism are phonies and
hypocrites. You find the same sort of hierarchy and discipline
in an office or factory as you do in a prison or a monastery. In fact, prisons and factories came in at
about the same time, and their operators consciously borrowed from
each other’s control techniques. After all, a worker is a part-time slave. The boss says when to show up, when to
leave, and what to do in the meantime. He tells you how much work to do and how fast. He is free to carry his control to humiliating
extremes, regulating, if he feels like it, the clothes you wear or how
often you go to the bathroom. With a few exceptions he can fire
you for any reason, or no reason. He has you spied on by
snitches and supervisors and talking back is called “insubordination”,
just as if a worker was a naughty child. For certain purposes it’s not too
misleading to call our system democracy or capitalism or
– better still – industrialism, but its real names are factory
fascism and office oligarchy. Anyone who says these people
are “free” is lying or stupid. You are what you do.
If you do boring, stupid, monotonous work, chances are you’ll end up
boring, stupid and monotonous. What I’ve said so far ought
not to be controversial. Many workers are fed up with work
and there may be some movement toward a conscious and not just
visceral rejection of work. And yet the prevalent feeling, universal
among bosses and their agents and also widespread among workers themselves
is that work is inevitable and necessary. I disagree. At present most work is useless or worse
and we should simply get rid of it. Entire industries, insurance and
banking and real estate for instance, consist of nothing but
useless paper-shuffling. Right off the bat, we could
liberate tens of milions of salesmen, soliders, managers, cops, stock
brockers, clergy men, bankers, lawyers, teachers, landlords, security guards,
ad men and everyone who works for them. On the other hand – and I think
this the crux of the matter and the revolutionary new departure – we have to take what useful work remains
and transform it into a pleasing variety of game-like and craft-like pastimes,
indistinguishable from other pleasurable pastimes except that they happen to
yield useful end-products. Then all the artificial barriers of power
and property could come down. Creation could become recreation. No, I don’t suggest most work is
salvageable in this way, but then, most work isn’t worth trying
to save as it simply serves the unproductive purposes of
commerce or social control. It is no accident that the “tertiary sector,”
the service sector, is growing while the “secondary sector”
(industry) stagnates and the “primary sector”
(agriculture) nearly disappears. Because work is unnecessary except
to those whose power it secures, workers are shifted from relatively
useful to relatively useless occupations as a measure to
assure public order. Anything is better than nothing. That’s why you can’t go home
just because you finish early. They want your time, enough
of it to make you theirs, even if they have no
use for most of it. I haven’t as yet even mentioned the
possibility of cutting way down on the little work that remains
by automating and cybernizing it. All the scientists and engineers and technicians
freed from bothering with war research and planned obsolescence should have a good
time devising means to eliminate fatigue and tedium and danger from
activities like mining. No one can say what would result from unleashing
the creative power stultified by work. Anything can happen. The tiresome debater’s problem
of freedom vs. necessity, resolves itself practically once the
production of use-values is co-extensive with the consumption of
delightful play activity. Life will become a game, or rather many games,
but not – as it is now – a zero/sum game. An optimal sexual encounter is
the paradigm of productive play. The participants potentiate each other’s pleasures,
nobody keeps score, and everybody wins. The more you give,
the more you get. Generalized play leads to
the libidinization of life. If we play our cards right, we can all get
more out of life than we put into it; but only if we play for keeps. No one should ever work. Workers of the world. . . relax! The End Please consider supporting
this and future projects: www Check out Aaron’s new podcast ‘PonderTalkRadio’ at:
twitter: @aaron_moritz


100 thoughts on “Workers of the world… Relax!”

  • Sebastian Sastre says:

    Well… sorry to boo the party but this sounds fun until you need surgery and your surgeon tells you he resonated a lot with this mindset so he wants to relax on preparing for your surgery or during it.

  • What work remains could be done by Automation you say? Where do you think that technology came from? It came from people who are supported by the farmers working on their farms, and the truck drivers transporting the food, and the engineers who built and maintain the water pipelines and filtering systems, and the teachers who teach the knowledge gained by the others who worked on these problems in the past, leading to them making breakthrough which then need to be converted in to technology, which requires money to get the materials and energy, all of which is provided by others working to provide them, all controlled by a bureaucratic system full of workers to make sure no one is ripped off, or cheated or murdered while carrying out their jobs.

    This idealistic world view is not even close to possible in reality.

  • Wow! it is astonishing how much venom workaholics will spit at somebody suggesting that we might all live better lives if we would simply explore an economic system that does not accept suffering the indignity of starvation and homelessness for not wanting to mine coal for 20 years only to lose your house to the bank in a bank created economic collapse. If you cannot see the glaring deficiencies in our current economic system, I personally have no use for your boastful ignorance. If you failed to grasp the subtly; if you are to stupid to know it is broken, stop throwing rocks at the guy trying to fix it.

  • Ísleifur Helgason says:

    I'm a painter, and painting is nothing but hard work. To become better at a craft you need to invest your energy, time and concentration into it and sacrifice other relaxing "playtime" activities. That's work and you only become better at something when you WORK on it, you will never progress in any skill when you only seek after pleasure of the sense organs and trying to avoid the inevitable suffering that you will recive when you spend your energy in solving a problem or imrpoving yourself.

  • fantastic speach… .from a person that seems to be stoned at the moment of reciting AND  a person that has never had a job in his life.

  • Very motivating and insightful.
    You might find it interesting that some people in Switzerland are working toward an unconditional base income, which would provide enough money for a person to exist and give more freedom to develop, without having to think of the "or else" consequences.

    I do believe that this is the way things could (and should) develop. But I'm sure it won't happen until things get really ugly.

  • We dont have freedom and we dont live in a democracy. We live in a dictatorship. Aka a policestate. "work to make money to get food or land or whatever. OR ELSE you die of hunger"

  • Anthony Ciotti III says:

    Seems to go too far. Life is both work and play. Even in an RBE, there are times when people would have to work, to keep up maintenance/fix existing things or create new ones. Yet with it's design, there is plenty of "play" time. Work and play, all just part of life. Even scavengers have to work for their food, they don't hunt it down and kill it; but they do have to go looking for that carcass.

  • Mariyan Tsvetanov says:

    How not to work if i don't have any money? What are your suggestions? My opinion is the same – we are not born to be slaves! Everyone of us deservs freedom! But real freedom!

  • ceciliadekapotzin says:

    Less work is possible if we have less desires. Budhism teachings are saying that the more  desires we have the more we suffer. Even in the Bible Jesus said that we do not need to many things and when he went to a house with 2 sisters Marta and Mary, one of the was workaholic and she didn't stop working while Jesus was there, and the other one just enjoyed talking to Jesus.Jesus congratulated the "lazy " one. Of course priests are not talking about less work, they are avoiding those quotes lol 

  • Josh Anderson Art says:

    This has got to be the most infantile understanding of our world I have ever heard. Are there corrupt employers? Yes. But if you want food then you must plant, grow & harvest your food. If you want shelter, you must build. If you are unable to do these things for yourself, you must pay someone to do it, in turn you must somehow earn some sort of money to pay to have those things done. Am I against play? Absolutely not. But PLAY is not the antithesis of works.

  • The entire point of Marxism is to have more leisure time, and eventually eliminate work as we know it. His ideology is misrepresented in this video. 

  • You really need to re-evaluate the real and substancious meaning of "work". Or read a little bit of Marxism, before you judge the whole structure of its meaning. This is so wrong in so many levels, that I don't even know where to start… You obviouslly never had a job, or worked productively. And you obviously never had to struggle to pay rent. It all sounds beautiful, but put it into reality as a test. This is the "philosophical approach" (dumb as it is) of a 5 year old doing economics…

  • Unruly Mile High says:

    The Zeitgeist movement is actually doing this.
    Economic Calculation in a Natural Law / RBE, Peter Joseph, The Zeitgeist Movement, Berlin

  • This is the stupidest video I have ever seen. Like I'm not sure if you are joking or not… But 100% serious what happens when you get sick (not always work caused) and no medical professionals help because they are out having fun. Love it or loath it work is what continues the human existence you ignorant fool.

  • Nice, a lot of Marx and Foucault (read "Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison" for example) which I know from my time at the university. But nothing new to me as a Sociologist. Though very good presentation!

  • But how could this work? An honest question. :<

    I love bohemian lifestyles and philosophies, and I hate the construct that is the monetary system, so I love the idea – but how could this possibly work on a global, or even just national scale?

  • decolonize north america says:

    The Tyranny in Canada and in all other Countries will only end when…WE, The People rule both our Governments on both sides of a NEW TWO ROW WAMPUM LIVING CONSTITUTION And HONOUR one another as EQUAL living human beings, and being all part of Creation…"NL" 

    The Question is: Will "WE" as Canadians use COMMON SENSE by removing final decision making authority from all levels of Governance and fulfil our responsibilities to this Country and towards one another ?

  • William Sophistos says:

    "most brands of anarchism"?!?! I think you mean "anarcho"capitalism… that's the only one "brand" of "anarchism" I know that supports that mentality. 

  • teachmehowtohedgie says:

    When you find a career you enjoy, life under our current system isn't as bad as you make it out to be. You actually have MORE freedom when you work, and tend to enjoy time off more than you would if you didn't have to "work".

    The best thing about productive work is seeing the end product. The house or machine you built, working like it should. I for one love to create things on this earth.

  • It's only our mind that is enslaved, not us! All we need to do is make time to get in touch with the part that isn't and can never be enslaved, and share that with the world.

  • Do you know Marxist theory? Working is a process of the natural improvement of human being. If people don't work, there would be no food, no material,… you wouldn't have things you are having right now. In fact, everyone and every society want to get to the last level: Communist; but it's not the right time, we haven't had enough conditions to go there yet. 

  • Great video! I am all in. Now, of course, this kind of world demands a completely different economic system, and the need for money and trading would be obsolete. What economic system are we talking about? A resource based economy: 🙂

  • Pablo Gabriel Schoijet says:

    This guy should read "The Right to Be Lazy", written by Paul lafargue about 100 years ago. If he keeps working hard, maybe he will discover gunpowder too.

  • The idea is actually really interesting. Something to think about!
    Small comment: If only you could use another background music and a stronger voice, it would be so much better 🙂

  • sclivingston67 says:

    I  love to work,But I don't like the kind of work I do. I'v ben a maintenance man for 13yr know, But my dream job would be a farmer growing hemp, So we wouldn't have to cut down any more tree..This would make me happy to do something to save the planet…;)

  • This is one reason why I never give money to bums. This is the dumbest fucking thing I've heard in months.

    You will NOT get paid to play. Here's why:

    Even if you ever do, when the need for a good/service exceeds the level of production of it,
    somebody will have to take charge. Somebody will have to stay longer.
    Somebody will have to produce more.
    Or nothing will get done. If you think farming is a fucking game, you've never done it.
    This asshole has angered me.

  • Ok, all about it is fantastic, now we have to make a video to specify how to reconfigurate all the systems to make it functional. It is possible, but needs to turn to a whole new philoshophy of colaborative activity.

  • I love this video, people actually start to think critically about the old dogmas that enslaves us for decades! Please look up the venus project and zeitgeist movement! Theyre promoting a Resource based Economy.

  • This video is far, FAR too right-brained for my tastes. It spent a great deal of time on "why" and practically no time on "how." I work in healthcare and I regularly hear stories from my co-workers of nursing homes where each nurse is assigned 24 or more patients. They don't have time to do anything for them other than pass meds. If we can't provide decent care for our sick and infirm even under compulsory labor conditions, then how can we expect any better after emancipation? Get your heads out of the clouds. The system isn't perfect by any stretch, but it's gotten us this far. The "ludic revolution" is a fool's daydream.

  • Marcus Wilson says:

    Someone has to cut the wood, set up the tent, build the fire, and catch and cook dinner….is that not work? Work is a frame of mind. If something is fun, yet productive, is it still work?

  • Danton Mouille says:

    How they have 60 dislikes to this video… its probably 60 jerk-offs that sit around stroking thier cock to the fact they have some power over a couple of people

  • The Astonisher says:

    There's a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can't take part! You can't even passively take part! And you've got to put your bodies upon the gears and upon the wheels…upon the levers, upon all the apparatus, and you've got to make it stop! And you've got to indicate to the people who run it, to the people who own it, that unless you're free, the machine will be prevented from working at all! – Mario Savio, Sproul Hall Speech, December 2, 1964

  • Great idea, until the people that provide you with food, electricity and clean water decide they'd rather play than work.

  • TheLamelyNamed says:

    According to natural law (of earth), one should only live and work for the well being and happiness of oneself and the community one depends on, not for imaginary paper values, the economy or the GDP, because they only make your life and the community's worse. When you let man made fiction take precedence over physical, natural law of biology (that you need to survive and thrive), you are suffering from neurosis, a psychological condition similar to ………insanity. 

  • Dear poster/narrator,

    Make your own goddamn computer without the help of the workers from China or other Asian country. You don't have the materials?

    Dig and exploit your own goddamn plastic, iron or steel and other materials for a computer and never rely on the guys from the mines. You now have the materials but don't have the machinery to process them?

    Make your own goddamn company or corporation and never rely on those big businesses that you've classified as fascist factories and/or office oligarchies. 

    You can't? Well, that's too bad, isn't it. 

    The same concept, with minor changes, apply to clothing, entertainment, food, tools & other objects you'd use in your daily life. 

    A rational individual who knows this is one big stinky honk of bullshit.


    Nobody forced you to become that factory worker or that office employee. That's democracy and freedom of choice. Hell, you can commit suicide and nobody would give a damn. Why? Because it was your sole choice.

  • Half of the occupations today are bullshit.  They don't have anything to do with what people really need.  They just keep the monopoly game going, the 1% get richer, their wars go on while they destroy the planet in order to "win their game".  

    People want to work at things that are relevant, that directly benefit their communities, like growing food, not selling the latest credit-card offer.  And with our automated production systems, we could be working (or contributing) 4 or 5 hours a day, and producing the things we need.  

    The monopoly game is ending.  We have to re-organize… with the emphasis on efficiency and relevance.  It's what we have to do.

  • Amzad Hossain says:

    yeh I would like to make such documentary if my parents would left nice wealth for me, unfortunately they did not – so I have to go to work to put food on the table! 

  • i always felt there was something wrong about the way society works…i hold this view already from an early age…thnx 4 posting..well, for putting it out in the world…. 🙂

  • OutlawedSpank says:

    5:25 the worker is a part time slave,

    You mean other than the fact that she can choose a different job, walk away and is exchanging a service for money (her time and skills in exchange for money) NO according to you a mutually beneficial exchange is slavery because the one who is paying wants a couple of conditions (like turn  up at a certain time) even though the worker also has conditions (you cannot force me to do certain things, like something dangerous)

    Only to you is the system we have now, a system with the highest quality of life in human history and the largest choice of what profession we choose to go to, only to you can this be described as 'slavery' 

    7:43 – most work is beyond saving because it only serves unproductive things like commerce,

    Yeah he communists had the same idea, guess what happened to them, ooops bankruptcy. 

    This guy literally has so little knowledge of economics he makes a mistake or states a fallacy almost every minute of this video. 

  • tomas supersonikas says:

    Sounds good. Now invent where would all the things like food and houses come from if there would be no people working to build them. Idiot.

  • A few years ago I decided to quit my job, and sell my car. I now live rent-free, and only do freelance projects if and when I want. Today I chose to devote 2 hours to one of the projects. Now I'm off to the park. Yes, I won't be buying a Mercedes any time soon, but, do I really need one? Is it worth dedicating years of my life for the sake of a car? No. I love my free time and I can't see myself ever going back into full time employment. Happier than ever. 🙂 PS GREAT VID!

  • You don't have to work for anybody! You can follow your passion and make your work playful. Some people make and sell soap. Others build websites or write books.

    But you have to put in time and effort to get there and learn from those who have already done it. Progress demands sacrifice, but you can have the life described in this video… if you really want it.

  • Bob Black is an anarcho-primitivist, so his vision of the perfect world isn't what most people would agree to. Plus he's a gigantic troll. Regardless, a thought-provocing speech.

  • @Ethan Boyle Could I draw your attention to this? You know that communists have another idea on property and profit. And (at least some original  ones) native Americans don't believe in owning a country at all. But these people they don't believe in working, which is in my opinion a considering worth perspective as well. What do you think?

  • Anarchists want to have workers own their workplaces so they can have industrial democracy so it will be ok to mechanize things and we can work a lot less.

  • This is just anarchy. You're missing the point of anarchy and then saying you're better than anarchy while having anarchist ideals lol

  • True some jobs are worthless. But if you choose to work them, it is on you, not your boss. There is plenty of jobs that fulfill people, and they get up happy to go do it. It doesn't mean they are repressed, it means they stopped seeing it as being robbed, and realized that they make a difference to the other people they serve. And financial gain along with that difference is also great. In a "work free" world, work will still need to be done. But then you don't get to choose your work.

  • There is so much forgotten of why work is useless in the long term because of technology disrupting the need for work..

  • supercrack puppy says:

    This will happen eventually. But not until automation is to the point that the current system collapses on it's head. A world like this requires a paradigm shift in how people think. I would like to state however that during such a transition we would most assuredly still need police officers. But said officers should just be there to make sure no one hurts themselves or others not to enforce law.

  • Sinan Sinanogullari says:

    Hello, thanks for this nice video. A recommendation: Background music can be lower to concentrate better.

  • But play is an evolutionary mechanism of preparing and keeping fit the individual or the group for survival. From food gathering to sex.
    Also the types of play we have today are heavily influenced by the work and stress that exists today. Example: If you eliminate wars for 4 generations or so… nobody would play FPS shooters, war RTS, etc.

    The main problem I see is that the human being is rather simple once you remove the complex social life that is now "poisoned" by work and is made that complex by that "poison". Beside going lethargic very fast the human species would shrink in numbers once "liberated". Maybe that happened before, who knows.

    Then you have the similar problem with "Communism" as you need to liberate all humans at once completely otherwise too many would oppose the new system and fight it (yeah… Matrix like). You can't have freedom at war with slavery as you will end up having free soldiers fighting slave soldiers which in short term will end up be the same… soldiers versus soldiers… all slaves to one system or the other.

    I think many people realized before the ideas in this movie and now they are simply called "The rich people". They know the essence of life shouldn't be work and they know it cannot… work for all (sic)… at least not for now. So "they" made that freedom be only from themselves and the few others that get to their level.

    Note that I am not rich nor pro work… 😀 I simply think of the same problems for a lot of time and I started to see the unfix-able realities.

  • Italo Rafael Machado Santos says:

    I agree with pretty much everything the guy says. But Huston , we have a problem. There are a plethora of activities necessary in order preserve the quality of life of nowadays society, with buildings, hospitals with doctors, good roads, good schools, and so on, many of the activities related with these kinds of services are not much enjoyable doing, it would be really hard to find people to "Play" with them. It's true that technology has allowed us to reduce dramatically the amount of boring jobs, but there's still a lot, and few people willing to do shit works like unclog wastewater systems or clean up the butt of old people. How can we assure that if we just play there are going to be enough physicians, engineers and professors to make sure that the average quality of life of human society will keep increasing.

  • Italo Rafael Machado Santos says:

    It's no good if I can do whatever I want and the life expectancy decreases from 70 years to 30 as it was during the tribal ages, when the men would hunt when they were hungry, fuck when they felt like, and sleeping in the same way. In a way, discipline and pressure is what makes a man go from brute carbon to diamond. Everything must be dosed, there's no such accommodating state in any place in nature, we owe the very existence of our specie to natural selection pressures. So, life is not meant only for playing.

  • Let's say you worked in a factory. You get word going round that the owner of the factory is seriously considering investing in new automation; which would replace the need for much of the human labor in the factory, including your job.
    So now you think to yourself:
    If he does that, if he chooses to automate, then I will loose my job and thus I will loose my monthly income of money which grants me access to food and shelter.
    This is terrifying, I don't want to starve to death cold on the street. I depend on having this job to be able to survive.
    On the other hand, I now recognize that if he does not automate (at least for now) I will then know with 100 percent certainty that me coming in here to do all this drudgery for 8 hours a day and 5 days a week – is objectively utterly unnecessary and it would be a pointless waste of my finite life on this planet to keep working here.
    Ultimately; given that my life depends on getting a monthly paycheck to be able to get access to the necessities of life – I am actually inventivized to WANT to be exploited 8 hours a day and 5 days a week, to do this boring and unpleasant work in exchange for a paycheck, even though I now know full well that it is completely unnecessary for me to do any of it.
    In no uncertain terms: Because of the society I live in I am being directly incentivized to beg for the opportunity to waste my short life doing bullshit work that a machine can easily do instead of me – ALL BECAUSE I DEPEND ON A PAYCHECK TO BE ABLE TO LIVE.

  • Caroline Görtz says:

    Nope, this is not a honest and logical way to look at reality. Things are working and we have the possibility to play by there being work. Not everything can function by people playing, always just doing what they feel like. In that case people would just become more depressed, as poverty and not knowing what to do with your time would just grow. We generally get a lot out of having a place, having something that we are part of and struggling for.

    Besides, I certainly prefer a working doctor with experience and a well thought system to do operation on me, rather than someone just playing and doing whatever they feel like. I also prefer having a system where I can buy food in the store and don't have to handle all parts of life from scratch by my own. Systems and "work" is needed.

  • Thanks for this narration. I can hardly believe the number of people commenting who are arguing with and critiquing YOU despite the fact that this is a truncated version of a longer essay by someone else. And the fact that all of their criticisms could easily be answered by actual internet research if they were genuinely interested and not arguing in bad faith.

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